On 28 February 1980 Andalucía voted ‘Si’ in the autonomous referendum on a system of full autonomy. Since then, the autonomy has become an invaluable instrument in the social, political and economic development of Andalucía. It is right today to acknowledge the perseverance of the people of Andalucía who, at that time, voted with their belief in their homeland. A new system of full autonomy has been voted on february 2007.
Under the Constitution, Spain has successfully integrated itself into the international institutions in line and equal to the rest of the European nations. The most fruitful period in its history has seen great advances in social structure and human development in every order.
Andalucía, with its capital in Seville, is divided into eight provinces, following the Royal Decree of 1883 of Provincial Divisions, set out by Javier de Burgos. These provinces include 770 municipalities which are home to 7,849,799 inhabitants. This population is concentrated, above all, in the provincial capitals and the coastal areas, for which the level of urbanization in Andalucía is rather high; half of the Andalucían population is concentrated in 26 towns of more than 50,000 inhabitants.
This level of population is worth breaking down into the following areas:
Area of Seville (1,300,000 inhabitants)
Area of Málaga (1,000,000 inhabitants)
Bahía de Cádiz (620,000 inhabitants)
Area of Granada (450,000 inhabitants)
The Council of Government of Andaluciá is the collegiate organ that holds and exercises the executive and administrative functions of the Junta (assembly) of Andalucía. The Council of Government is composed by its president and the Councillors.
Divided into Presidency, Government, Economy and Treasury, Justice and Public Administration, Scientific Innovation and Business, Public Works and Transport, Employment, Tourism, Commerce and Sports, Agriculture and Fisheries, Health, Education, Equality and Welfare, Culture and Environment, these councils change following the necessities of each new legislation.
The local administrations fulfil the basic requirements to cover the daily necessities of the citizens, although the most important is their duty in the autonomous administration of such necessities.